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ANDROTION (c. 350 B.C.), Greek orator, and one of the leading
politicians of his time, was a pupil of Isocrates and a contemporary
of Demosthenes. He is known to us chiefly from the speech of
Demosthenes, in which he was accused of illegality in proposing
the usual honour of a crown to the Council of Five Hundred at the
expiration of its term of office. Androtion filled several important
posts, and during the Social War was appointed extraordinary
commissioner to recover certain arrears of taxes. Both Demosthenes and
Aristotle (Rhet. iii. 4) speak favourably of his powers as
an orator. He is said to have gone into exile at Megara, and to have
composed an Atthis, or annalistic account of Attica from the
earliest times to his own days (Pausanias vi. 7; x. 8). It is disputed
whether the annalist and orator are identical, but an Androtion
who wrote on agriculture is certainly a different person. Professor
Gaetano de Sanctis (in L'Attide di Androzione e un papiro
di Oxyrhynchos, Turin, 1908) attributes to Androtion, the
atthidographer, a 4th-century historical fragment, discovered by B. P.
Grenfell and A. S. Hunt (Oxyrhynchus Papyri, vol. v.). Strong
arguments against this view are set forth by E. M. Walker in the
Classical Review, May 1908.
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