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ANGERONA, or ANGERONIA, an old Roman goddess, whose name and functions
are variously explained. According to ancient authorities, she was a
goddess who relieved men from pain and sorrow, or delivered the
Romans and their flocks from angina (quinsy); or she was the
protecting goddess of Rome and the keeper of the sacred name of the
city, which might not be pronounced lest it should be revealed to
her enemies; it was even thought that Angerona itself was this name.
Modern scholars regard her as a goddess akin to Ops, Acca Larentia
and Dea Dia; or as the goddess of the new year and the returning
sun (according to Mommsen, ab angerendo= ἀπὸ τοῦ
ἀναφέρεσθαι. τὸν ἥλιον). Her festival, called Divalia or
Angeronalia, was celebrated on the 21st of December. The priests
offered sacrifice in the temple of Volupia, the goddess of pleasure,
in which stood a statue of Angerona, with a finger on her mouth, which
was bound and closed (Macrobius i. 10; Pliny, Nat. Hist. iii.
9; Varro, L. L. vi. 23). She was worshipped as Ancharia
at FAESULAE36735-h.htm'>FAESULAE, where an altar belonging to her has been recently
discovered. (See FAESULAE36735-h.htm'>FAESULAE.)
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