ANTAE (a Lat. plural word, possibly from ante, before), an
architectural term given to slightly projecting pilaster strips
which terminate the winged walls of the naos of a Greek temple.
They owe their origin to the vertical posts of timber employed
in the primitive palaces or temples of Greece, as at Tiryns and in
the Heraeum at Olympia, to carry the roof timbers, as no reliance
could be placed on the walls built with unburnt brick or in rubble
masonry with clay mortar. When between these winged walls
there are columns to carry the architrave, so as to form a porch,
the latter is said to be in-antis. (See Temple.)
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