ANTHEMION (from the Gr. ἀνθέμιον, a flower), the conventional
design of flower or leaf forms which was largely employed
by the Greeks to decorate (1) the fronts of ante-fixae, (2) the
upper portion of the stele or vertical tombstones, (3) the necking
of the Ionic columns of the Erechtheum and its continuation as a
decorative frieze on the walls of the same, and (4) the cymatium
of a cornice. Though generally known as the honeysuckle
ornament, from its resemblance to that flower, its origin will be
found in the flower of the acanthus plant.
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