ANTICYRA, the ancient name of three cities of Greece,
(1) (Mod. Aspraspitia), in Phocis, on the bay of Anticyra, in
the Corinthian gulf; some remains are still visible. It was a
town of considerable importance in ancient times; was destroyed
by Philip of Macedon; recovered its prosperity; and was captured
by T. Quinctius Flamininus in 198 B.C. The city was
famous for its black hellebore, a herb which was regarded as
a cure for insanity. This circumstance gave rise to a number
of proverbial expressions, like Άντικύρας σε δεῖ or “naviget
Anticyram,” and to frequent allusions in the Greek and Latin
writers. Hellebore was likewise considered beneficial in cases
of gout and epilepsy. (2) In Thessaly, on the right bank of
the river Spercheus, near its mouth. (3) In Locris, on the north
side of the entrance to the Corinthian gulf, near Naupactus.
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