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ANTIOQUIA, an interior department of the republic of
Colombia, lying S. of Bolivar, W. of the Magdalena river, and
E. of Cauca. Area, 22,870 sq. m.; pop. (est. 1899) 464,887.
The greater part of its territory lies between the Magdalena
and Cauca rivers and includes the northern end of the Central
Cordillera. The country is covered with valuable forests, and
its mineral wealth renders it one of the most important mining
regions of the republic. The capital, Medellin (est. pop. 53,000 in
1902), is a thriving mining centre, 4822 ft. above sea-level, and
125 m. from Puerto Berrió on the Magdalena. Other important
towns are Manizales (18,000) in the extreme south, the commercial
centre of a rich gold and grazing region; Antioquia, the old
capital, on the Cauca; and Puerto Berrió on the Magdalena,
from which a railway has been started to the capital.
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