ANTOINE, ANDRÉ (1858- ), French actor-manager, was
born at Limoges, and in his early years was in business. But he
was an enthusiastic amateur actor, and in 1887 he founded in
Paris the Théâtre Libre, in order to realize his ideas as to the
proper development of dramatic art. For an account of his
work, which had enormous influence on the French stage, see
Drama: France. In 1894 he gave up the direction of this
theatre, and became connected with the Gymnase, and later
(1896) with the Odéon.
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