APALACHEE (apparently a Choctaw name, = “people on
the other side”), a tribe of North American Indians of Muskhogean
stock. They have been known since the 16th century, and
formerly ranged the country around Apalachee Bay, Florida.
About 1600 the Spanish Franciscans founded a successful
mission among them, but early in the 18th century the tribe
suffered defeat at the hands of the British, the mission churches
were burnt, the priests killed, and the tribe practically annihilated,
more than one thousand of them being sold as slaves.
See Handbook of American Indians, ed. F.W. Hodge (Washington,
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