APICIUS, the name of three celebrated Roman epicures.
The second of these, M. Gavius Apicius, who lived under Tiberius,
is the most famous (Seneca, Consol. ad Helviam, 10). He invented
various cakes and sauces, and is said to have written on
cookery. The extant De Re Coquinaria (ed. Schuch, 1874), a
collection of receipts, ascribed to one Caelius Apicius, is founded
on Greek originals, and belongs to the 3rd centuryA.D. It is
probable that the real title was Caelii Apicius, Apicius being
the name of the work (cp. Taciti Agricola), and De Re Coquinaria
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