APION, Greek grammarian and commentator on Homer,
born at Oasis in Libya, flourished in the first half of the 1st
centuryA.D. He studied at Alexandria, and headed a deputation
sent to Caligula (in 38) by the Alexandrians to complain of the
Jews: his charges were answered by Josephus in his Contra
Apionem. He settled at Rome—it is uncertain when—and
taught rhetoric till the reign of Claudius. Apion was a man of
great industry and learning, but extremely vain. He wrote
several works, which are lost. The well-known story of
Androclus and the lion, preserved in Aulus Gellius, is from his
Αἰγυπτιακὰ; fragments of his Γλῶσσαι Όμηρικαὶ are printed
in the Etymologicum Gudianum, ed. Sturz, 1818.
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