APOLDA, a town of Germany, in the grand-duchy of Saxe-Weimar,
near the river Ilm, 9 m. E. by N. from Weimar, on
the main line of railway from Berlin via Halle, to Frankfort-On-Main.
Pop. (1900) 20,352. It has few notable public buildings,
but possesses three churches and monuments to the emperorFrederick III. and to Christian Zimmermann (1759-1842), who,
by introducing the hosiery and cloth manufacture, made Apolda
one of the most important places in Germany in these branches
of industry. It has also extensive dyeworks, bell foundries, and
manufactures of steam engines, boilers and bicycles.
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