APOLLONIUS, surnamed ὁ δύσκολος (“the Surly or Crabbed”),
a celebrated grammarian of Alexandria, who lived in the reigns
of Hadrian and Antoninus Pius. He spent the greater part of
his life in his native city, where he died; he is also said to have
visited Rome and attracted the attention of Antoninus. He
was the founder of scientific grammar and is styled by Priscian
grammaticorum princeps. Four of his works are extant: On
Syntax, ed. Bekker, 1817; and three smaller treatises, on
Pronouns, Conjunctions and Adverbs, ed. Schneider, 1878.
Grammatici Graeci, i. in Teubner series; Egger, Apollonius
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