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APPEARANCE (from Lat. apparere, to appear), in law, the
coming into Court32423-h.htm'>Court of either of the parties to a suit; the formal
act by which a defendant submits himself to the jurisdiction of
the Court32423-h.htm'>Court. The defendant in an action in the High Court32423-h.htm'>Court of
England enters his appearance to the writ of summons by
delivering, either at the central office of the Supreme Court32423-h.htm'>Court, or
a district registry, a written memorandum either giving his
solicitor’s name or stating that he defends in person. He must
also give notice to the plaintiff of his appearance, which ought,
according to the time limited by the writ, to be within eight
days after service; a defendant may, however, appear any time
before judgment. The Rules of the Supreme Court, orders xii.
and xiii., regulate the procedure with respect to the entering of
an appearance, the giving of notice, the limit of time, the setting
aside and the general effect of default of appearance. In
county courts there is no appearance other than the coming
into court of the parties to the suit. In criminal cases the
accused appears in person. In civil cases infants appear by
their guardians ad litem; lunatics by their committee; companies
by a solicitor; friendly societies by the trustee or other
officer appointed to sue or be sued on behalf thereof.
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