APURIMAC, an interior department of southern Peru, bounded
N. by the department of Ayacucho, E. by Cuzco, S. and W. by
Cuzco and Ayacucho. Area, 8187 sq. m.; pop. (1896) 177,387.
The department was created in 1873 and comprises five provinces.
Its physical features and productions are very similar to those of
Ayacucho (q.v.), with the exception that sugar-cane is cultivated
with noteworthy success in the low valley of the province of
Abancay. The capital, Abancay, 110 m. south-west of Cuzco,
which is only a village in size but is rich in historical associations
and Andahuaylas, in the north-west part of the department, are
its principal towns.
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