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ARACAJŚ, a city and seaport of Brazil, capital of the state
of Sergipe, 170 m. N.N.E. of Bahia, on the river Cotinguiba,
or Cotindiba, 6 m. from the coast. The municipality, of which
it forms a part, had a population in 1890 of 16,336, about two-thirds
of whom lived in the city itself. Aracajś is a badly built
town on the right bank of the river at the base of a ridge of low
sand-hills and has the usual features of an unprogressive provincial
capital. Good limestone is quarried in its vicinity, and
the country tributary to this port produces large quantities of
sugar. Cotton is also grown, and the back country sends down
hides and skins for shipment. The anchorage is good, but a
dangerous bar at the mouth of the river prevents the entrance
of vessels drawing more than 12 ft. The port is visited, therefore,
only by the smaller steamers of the coastwise lines. The
river is navigable as far as the town of Maroim, about 10 m.
beyond Aracajś. The city was founded in 1855.
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