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ARAGUA, one of the smaller states of Venezuela under the
redivision of 1904, lying principally within the parallel ranges
of the Venezuelan Cordillera, and comprising some of the most
fertile and healthful valleys of the republic. It is bounded E.
by the Federal District and Maturin, S. by Guárico and W. by
Zamora and Carabobo. Pop. (1905, est.) 152,364. Aragua
has a short coast-line on the Caribbean west of the Federal
District, but has no port of consequence. Cattle, swine and goats
are raised, and the state produces coffee, sugar, cacao, beans,
cereals and cheese. The climate of the higher valleys is subtropical,
the mean annual temperature ranging from 74° to 80° F.
The capital, La Victoria (pop. 7800), is situated in the fertile
Aragua valley, 1558 ft. above sea-level and 36 m. south-west of
Carácas. Other important towns are Barbacoas (pop. 13,109) on
the left bank of the Guarico in a highly fertile region, Ciudad
de Cura and Maracay (pop. 7500), 56 m. west-south-west of
Carácas near the north-east shore of Lake Valencia. The last
two towns are on the railway between Carácas and Valencia.
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