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ARBOUR, or Arbor (originally “herber” or “erber,” O.
Fr. herbier, from Lat. herbarium, a collection of herbs, herba,
grass; the word came to be spelt “arber” through its pronunciation,
as in the case of Derby, and by the 16th century was
written “arbour,” helped by a confusion of derivation from Lat.
arbor, a tree, and by change of meaning), a grass-plot or lawn, a
herb-garden, or orchard, and a shady bower of interlaced trees,
or climbing plants trained on lattice-work. The application of
the word has shifted from the grass-covered ground, the proper
meaning, to the covering of trees overhead. “Arbor” (from the
Latin for “tree”) is a term applied to the spindle of a wheel,
particularly in clock-making.
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