ARCHIPELAGO, a name now applied to any island-studded
sea, but originally the distinctive designation of what is now
generally known as the Aegean Sea (Αἰγαῖον πέλαγος), its
ancient name having been revived. Several etymologies have
been proposed: e.g. (1) it is a corruption of the ancient name,
Egeopelago; (2) it is from the modern Greek, Άγιο πέλαγο, the
Holy Sea; (3) it arose at the time of the Latin empire, and
means the Sea of the Kingdom (Archi); (4) it is a translation
of the Turkish name, Ak Denghiz, Argon Pelagos, the White
Sea; (5) it is simply Archipelagus, Italian, arcipelago, the chief
sea. For the Grecian Archipelago see Aegean Sea. Other
archipelagoes are described in their respective places.
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