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ARDEE, a market-town of Co. Louth, Ireland, in the south
parliamentary division, on the river dee38892-h.htm'>dee, 48 m. N. by W. from
Dublin on a branch of the Great Northern railway. Pop.
(1901) 1883. It has some trade in grain and basket-making.
The town is of high antiquity, and its name (Ather-dee38892-h.htm'>dee) is taken
to signify the ford of the dee38892-h.htm'>dee. A form Ath-Firdia, however, is
connected with the ancient story of the warrior Cuchullain of
Ulster, who, while defending the ford against the men of Connaught,
was forced to slay many with whom he was on friendly
terms, and among them the warrior Firdia, whom he regarded
with special affection. A castle of the lords of the manor was
built early in the 14th century, and remains, as does another
adjacent fortified building of the same period. Roger de Peppart,
lord of the manor early in the 13th century, founded the present
Protestant church and a house of Crutched Friars. There was
also a house of Carmelite Friars, but neither of these remains.
Ardee38892-h.htm'>dee received its first recorded charter in 1377. It had a full
share in the several Irish wars, being sacked by Edward Bruce
(1315) and by O’Neill (1538); and it was taken by the Irish and
recaptured by the English in the wars of 1641, and was occupied
later by the forces of James II. and of William III. It returned two
members to the Irish parliament. A large rAth, or encampment,
with remains of fortifications, stands to the south of the town.
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