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ARICIA (mod. Ariccia), an ancient city of Latium, on the Via
Appia, 16 m. S.E. of Rome. The old town, or at any rate its
acropolis, now occupied by the modern town, lay high (1350 ft.
above sea-level) above the circular Valle Aricciana, which is
probably an extinct volcanic crater; some remains of its fortifications,
consisting of a mound of earth supported on each side by a
wall of rectangular blocks of peperino stone, have been discovered
(D. Marchetti, in Notizie degli scavi, 1892, 52). The lower town
was situated on the north edge of the valley, close to the Via
Appia, which descended into the valley from the modern Albano,
and re-ascended partly upon very fine substructions of opus
quadratum, some 200 yds. in length, to the modern Genzano.
Remains of the walls of the lower town, of the cella of a temple
built of blocks of peperino, and also of later buildings in brickwork
and opus reticulatum, connected with the post-station
(Aricia being the first important station out of Rome, cf. Horace,
Sat. i. 5. 1, Egressum magna me excepit Aricia Roma hospitio
modico) on the highroad, may still be seen (cf. T. Ashby in
Mélanges de l’école française de Rome, 1903, 399). Aricia was
one of the oldest cities of Latium, and appears as a serious
opponent of Rome at the end of the period of the kings and
beginning of the republic. In 338 B.C. it was conquered by
C. Maenius and became a civitas sine suffragio, but was soon given
full rights. Even in the imperial period its chief magistrate was
styled dictator, and its council senatus, and it preserved its own
calendar of festivals. Its vegetables and wine were famous, and
the district is still fertile.
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