ARPI (Gr. Ἀργόριππα), an ancient city of Apulia, 20 m. W.
of the sea coast, and 5 m. N. of the modern Foggia. The
legend attributes its foundation to Diomedes, and the figure of
a horse, which appears on its coins, shows the importance of
horse-breeding in early times in the district. Its territory
extended to the sea, and Strabo says that from the extent of
the city walls one could gather that it had once been one of the
greatest cities of Italy. As a protection against the Samnites
Arpi became an ally of Rome, and remained faithful until after
the battle of Cannae, but Fabius captured it in 213 B.C., and it
never recovered its former importance. It lay on a by-road
from Luceria to Sipontum. No Roman inscriptions have,
indeed, been found here, and remains of antiquity are scanty.
Foggia is its medieval representative.
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