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ARSES, Persian king, youngest son of Artaxerxes III., was
raised to the throne in 338 B.C. by Bagoas (q.v.), who had
murdered his father and all his brothers. But when the young
king tried to make himself independent, Bagoas killed him too,
with all his children, in the third year of his reign (336) (Diod.
17.5; Strabo 15. 736; Trogus, Prol. x., Alexander’s despatch
to Darius III.; Arrian ii. 14. 5, and the chronographers). In
Plutarch, De fort. Alex. ii. 3. 5, he is called Oarses; in Johannes
Antioch. p. 38, Arsamos; in the canon of Ptolemy, Aroges
(by Elias of Nisibis, Pīrūz); in a chronological tablet from
Babylon (Brit. Mus. Sp. ii. 71, Zeitschrift für Assyriologie, viii.
176, x. 64) he is abbreviated into Ar. See Persia: Ancient
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