ASCLEPIADES, Greek physician, was born at Prusa in Bithynia
in 124 B.C., and flourished at Rome in the end of the 2nd centuryB.C. He travelled much when young, and seems at first to have
settled at Rome as a rhetorician. In that profession he did not
succeed, but he acquired great reputation as a physician. He
founded his medical practice on a modification of the atomic or
corpuscular theory, according to which disease results from an
irregular or inharmonious motion of the corpuscles of the body.
His remedies were, therefore, directed to the restoration of
harmony, and he trusted much to changes of diet, accompanied
by friction, bathing and exercise, though he also employed
emetics and bleeding. He recommended the use of wine, and
in every way strove to render himself as agreeable as possible
to his patients. His pupils were very numerous, and the school
formed by them was called the Methodical. Asclepiades died
at an advanced age.
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