ASHLAR, also written Ashler, Ashelere, &c. (probably
from Lat. axilla, diminutive of axis, an axle), hewn or squared
stone, generally applied to that used for facing walls. In a
contract of date 1398 we read—“Murus erit exterius de puro
lapide vocato achilar, plane incisso, interius vero de lapide fracto
vocato roghwall.” “Clene hewen ashler” often occurs in medieval
documents; this no doubt means tooled or finely worked,
in contradistinction to rough-axed faces.
An “ashlar piece” in building is an upright piece of timber
framed between the common rafters and the wall plate.
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