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ASKABAD, or Askhabad, a town of Russian central Asia,
capital of the Transcaspian province, 345 m. by rail S.E. of
Krasnovodsk and 594 from Samarkand, situated in a small
oasis at the N. foot of the Kopet-dagh range. It has a public
library and a technical railway school; also cotton-cleaning
works, tanneries, brick-works, and a mineral-water factory.
The trade is valued at £250,000 a year. The population, 2500
in 1881, when the Russians seized it, was 19,428 in 1897, one-third
Persians, many of them belonging to the Babi sect.
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