ASSAYE, a village of Hyderabad or the Nizam’s Dominions,
in southern India, just beyond the Berar frontier. The place is
celebrated as the site of a battle fought on the 23rd of September
1803 between the combined Mahratta forces Under Sindhia and
the rajah of Berar and the British under Major-General Wellesley,
afterwards the duke of Wellington. The Mahratta force consisted
of 50,000 men, supported by 100 pieces of cannon served
by French artillerymen, and entrenched in a strong position.
Against this the English had but a force of 4500 men, which,
however, after a severe struggle, gained the most complete
victory that ever crowned British valour in India. Of the
enemy 12,000 were killed and wounded; and General Wellesley
lost 1657—one-third of his little force—killed and wounded.
Assaye is 261 m. north-west of Hyderabad.
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