ATHENAEUM, a name originally applied in ancient Greece
(Ἀθήναιον) to buildings dedicated to Athena, and specially used
as the designation of a temple in Athens, where poets and men of
learning were accustomed to meet and read their productions.
The academy for the promotion of learning which the emperorHadrian built (about A.D. 135) at Rome, near the Forum, was also
called the Athenaeum. Poets and orators still met and discussed
there, but regular courses of instruction were given by a staff of
professors in rhetoric, jurisprudence, grammar and philosophy.
The institution, later called Schola Romana, continued in high
repute till the 5th century. Similar academies were also founded
in the provinces and at Constantinople by the emperor Theodosius II.
In modern times the name has been applied to various
academies, as those of Lyons and Marseilles, and the Dutch high
schools; and it has become a very general designation for literary
clubs. It is also familiar as the title of several literary periodicals,
notably of the London literary weekly founded in 1828.
This page is extract from an ebook created by volunteers. It is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included online at www.gutenberg.org
A few typographical errors have been corrected. They
appear in the text like this, and the
explanation will appear when the mouse pointer is moved over the marked
passage. Sections in Greek will yield a transliteration
when the pointer is moved over them, and words using diacritic characters in the
Latin Extended Additional block, which may not display in some fonts or browsers, will
display an unaccented version.
Links to other EB articles: Links to articles residing in other EB volumes will
be made available when the respective volumes are introduced online.