ATITLÁN, or Santiago de Atitlán, a town in the department
of Sololá, Guatemala, on the southern shore of Lake Atitlán.
Pop. (1905) about 9000, almost all Indians. Cotton-spinning
is the chiefindustry. Lake Atitlán is 24 m. long and 10 m. broad,
with 64 m. circumference. It occupies a crater more than
1000 ft. deep and about 4700 ft. above sea-level. The peaks of
the GuatemalaCordillera rise round it, culminating near its
southern end in the volcanoes of San Pedro (7000 ft.) and Atitlán
(11,719 ft.). Although the lake is fed by many small mountain
torrents, it has no visible outlet, but probably communicates
by an underground channel with one of the rivers which drain
the Cordillera. Mineral springs abound in the neighbourhood.
The town of Sololá (q.v.) is near the north shore of the lake.
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