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ATLANTIC CITY, a City31641-h.htm'>City of Atlantic county, New Jersey,
U.S.A., on the Atlantic Ocean, 58 m. S.E. of Philadelphia and
137 m. S. by W. of New York. Pop. (1890) 13,055; (1900)
27,838, of whom 6513 were of negro descent and 3189 were
foreign-born; (1910 census) 46,150. It is served by the
Atlantic City31641-h.htm'>City (Philadelphia & Reading) and the West Jersey &
Seashore (Pennsylvania system) railways. Atlantic City31641-h.htm'>City is the
largest and most popular all-the-year-round resort in the United
States, and has numerous fine hotels. The City31641-h.htm'>City extends for 3 m.
along a low sandy island (Absecon beach34405-h.htm'>beach), 10 m. long by ¾ m.
wide, separated from the mainland by a narrow strip of salt
water and 4 or 5 m. of salt marshes, partly covered with water
at highest storm tide. There are good bathing, boating, sailing,
fishing and wild-fowl shooting. A “Board Walk” stretches
along the beach34405-h.htm'>beach for about 5 m.—the newest part of it is of
concrete—and along or near this walk are the largest hotels,
and numerous shops, and places of amusement; from the walk
into the ocean extend several long piers. Other features of the
place are the broad driveway (Atlantic Avenue) and an automobile
boulevard. There are several seaside sanitoriums and
hospitals, including the Atlantic City31641-h.htm'>City hospital, the Mercer
Memorial home, and the Children’s Seashore home. On the
north end of the beach34405-h.htm'>beach is Absecon Lighthouse, 160 ft. high.
The municipality owns the water-works. Oysters are dredged
here and are shipped hence in large quantities. There was a
settlement of fishermen on the island in the latter part of the
18th century. In 1852 a movement was made to develop it as
a seaside resort for Philadelphia, and after the completion of
the Camden & Atlantic City31641-h.htm'>City railway in 1854 the growth of the
place was rapid. A heavy loss occurred by fire on the 3rd of
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