AUBENAS, a town of south-eastern France, in the department
of Ardèche, 19 m. S.W. of Privas by road. Pop. (1906) 3976
(town), 7064 (commune). Aubenas is beautifully situated on the
slope of a hill, on the right bank of the Ardèche, but its streets
generally are crooked and narrow. It has a castle of the 13th
and 16th centuries, now occupied by several of the public
institutions of the town. These include a tribunal and chamber of
commerce, and a conditioning-house for silk. Iron and coal
mines are worked in the vicinity. As the centre of the silk trade
of southern France Aubenas is a place of considerable traffic.
It has also a large silk spinning and weaving industry, and
carries on tanning and various minor industries together with
trade in silk. The district is rich in plantations of mulberries
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