AUDIFFRET-PASQUIER, EDMÉ ARMAND GASTON,Duc d’
(1823-1905), French statesman, was the grand-nephew and
adopted son of Baron Etienne Denis Pasquier. He was created
duke in 1844, and became auditor at the council of state in 1846.
After the revolution of 1848 he retired to private life. Under the
empire he was twice an unsuccessful candidate for the legislature,
but was elected in February 1871 to the National Assembly,
and became president of the right centre in 1873. After the
fall of Thiers, he directed the negotiations between the different
royalist parties to establish a king in France, but as he refused
to give up the tricolour for the flag of the old régime, the project
failed. Yet he retained the confidence of the chamber, and was
its president in 1875 when the constitutional laws were being
drawn up. Nominated senator under the new constitution, he
likewise was president of the senate from March 1876 to 1879
when his party lost the majority. Henceforth he was less
prominent in politics. He was distinguished by his moderation
and uprightness; and he did his best to dissuade MacMahon
from taking violent advisers. In 1878 he was elected to the
French Academy, but never published anything.
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