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AUGHRIM, or Aghrim, a small village in Co. Galway,
Ireland, 4 m. W. by S. of ballINASLOE27479-h.htm'>ballinasloe. It is rendered memorable
by the decisive victory gained here on the 12th of July 1691 by
the forces of William III. under general37282-h.htm'>general Ginkel, over those of
James II. under the French general37282-h.htm'>general St Ruth, who fell in the fight.
The Irish numbering 25,000, and strongly posted behind marshy
ground, at first maintained a vigorous resistance; but Ginkel
having penetrated their line of defence, and their general37282-h.htm'>general being
struck down by a cannon ball at this critical moment, they were at
length overcome and routed with terrible slaughter. The loss of
the English did not exceed 700 killed and 1000 wounded; while
the Irish, in their disastrous flight, lost about 7000 men, besides
the whole material of the army. This defeat rendered the adherents
of James in Ireland incapable of further efforts, and was
speedily followed by the complete submission of the country.
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