AUGUST (originally Sextilis), the sixth month in the pre-Julian
Roman year, which received its present name from the
emperorAugustus. The preceding month, Quintilis, had been
called “July” after Julius Caesar, and the emperorchose August
to be rechristened in his own honour because his greatest good
fortune had then happened. In that month he had been admitted
to the consulate, had thrice celebrated a triumph, had received the
allegiance of the soldiers stationed on the Janiculum, had concluded
the civil wars, and had subdued Egypt. As July contained
thirty-one days, and August only thirty, it was thought necessary to
add another day to the latter month, in order that the month of
Augustus might not be in any respect inferior to that of Julius.
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