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AURELLE DE PALADINES, LOUIS JEAN BAPTISTE D’
(1804-1877), French general, was born at Malzieu, Lozère, on
the 9th of January 1804. He was educated at St Cyr, and
entered the Army34162-h.htm'>Army as sub-lieutenant of foot in 1824. He served
with distinction in Algeria between 1841 and 1848, becoming
lieut.-colonel and an officer of the Legion of Honour; took part
in the Roman campaigns of 1848 and 1849, and was made colonel.
He served as general of brigade throughout the Crimean War of
1854-56, being promoted general of division and commander of
the Legion of Honour. During the campaign in Lombardy in
1859 he commanded at Marseilles, and superintended the despatch
of men and stores to the seat of war, and for his services he was
made a grand officer of the Legion of Honour. Placed on the
reserve list in 1869, he was recalled to the Marseilles command
on the outbreak of the Franco-German War of 1870-71. After
the first capture of Orleans by the Germans, he was appointed
by the Government of National Defence, in November 1870,
to the command of the Army34162-h.htm'>Army of the Loire. He was at first very
successful against von der Tann-Rathsamhausen, winning the
battle of Coulmiers and compelling the Germans to evacuate
Orleans, but the capitulation of Metz had set free additional
German troops to oppose him, and, after his defeat at Beaune la
Rolande and subsequent unsuccessful fighting near Orleans,
resulting in its recapture by the Germans in December, Aurelle
retreated into the Sologne and was superseded. After the armistice
he was elected to the National Assembly by the departments
both of Allier and Gironde. He sat for Allier and was one of
the fifteen officers chosen to assist in the peace negotiations.
He was decorated with the grand cross of the Legion of Honour,
and was given the command at Bordeaux, but retired in 1872.
Elected a life senator in 1875, he supported the monarchical
majority of 1876. He died at Versailles on the 17th of December
1877. He was the author of La Première Armée de la Loire,
published in 1872.
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