History of the Universe eBook. 398 pages, 300 illustrations only $2.99
AUSSIG (Czech Oustí nad Labem), a town of Bohemia, Austria,
68 m. N. of Prague by rail. Pop. (1900) 37,255, mostly German.
It is situated in a mountainous district, at the confluence of the
Biela and the Elbe, and, besides being an active river port, is an
important junction of the northern Bohemian railways. Aussig
has important industries in chemicals, textiles, glass and boat-building,
and carries on an active trade in coal from the neighbouring
mines, stone and stoneware, corn, fruit and wood. It
was the birthplace of the painter, Raphael Mengs (1728-1779).
Aussig is mentioned as a trading centre as early as 993. It was
made a city by Ottokar II. in the latter part of the 13th century.
In 1423 it was pledged by King Sigismund to the elector
Frederick of Meissen, who occupied it with a Saxon garrison.
In 1426 it was besieged by the Hussites, who on the 16th of June,
though only 25,000 strong, defeated a German army of 70,000,
which had been sent to its relief, with great slaughter. The
town was stormed and sacked next day. After lying waste for
three years, it was rebuilt in 1429. It suffered much during the
Thirty Years’ and Seven Years’ Wars, and in 1830 it had only
1400 inhabitants. Not far from Aussig is the village of Kulm,
where, on the 29th and 30th of August 1813, a battle took place
between the French under Vandamme and an allied army of
Austrians, Prussians and Russians. The French were defeated,
and Vandamme surrendered with his army of 10,000 men.
A few typographical errors have been corrected. They
appear in the text like this, and the
explanation will appear when the mouse pointer is moved over the marked
passage. Sections in Greek will yield a transliteration
when the pointer is moved over them, and words using diacritic characters in the
Latin Extended Additional block, which may not display in some fonts or browsers, will
display an unaccented version.
Links to other EB articles: Links to articles residing in other EB volumes will
be made available when the respective volumes are introduced online.
"A well-rounded treatment of a vast body of facts" only $2.99