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AUSTIN, a city and the county-seat of Mower county,
Minnesota, U.S.A., on the Red Cedar river and Turtle creek,
(by rail) 105 m. S. of Minneapolis and 100 m. from St Paul.
Pop. (1900) 5474; (1905, state census) 6489 (913 foreign-born);
(1910, U.S. census) 6960. It is served by the Chicago
Great Western and the Chicago, Milwaukee & St Paul railways.
Austin is the seat of the Southern Minnesota Normal College
and Austin School of Commerce (1896), and has a Carnegie
library, court house and city hall. It is a market for livestock,
and for dairy and farm products, and has slaughtering and
packing establishments, flour mills, creameries and cheese
factories, canning and preserving factories, carriage works,
a flax fibre mill and grain elevators. Brick, tile, sewer-pipe,
and hydraulic cement are manufactured, and there are railway
repair shops. A valuable water-power is utilized for manufacturing
purposes. Fresh-water pearls of considerable value
and beauty are found in the Red Cedar river. The city owns
and operates its own water-supply system and electric-lighting
plant. Austin was settled in 1855, was incorporated as a village
in 1868, and was chartered as a city in 1873.
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