AVILÉS, or San Nicolás de Avilés (the
Roman Flavionavia), a seaport of northern Spain, in the province
of Oviedo; on the bay34405-h.htm'>bay of Avilés, a winding inlet of the bay34405-h.htm'>bay of Biscay, 24
m. by rail W. of Gijón. Pop. (1900) 12,763. Avilés is a picturesque and
old-fashioned town, containing several ancient palaces and Gothic
churches. The bay34405-h.htm'>bay, which is crossed by a finebridge at its narrow
landward extremity, is the headquarters of a fishing fleet, and a port of
call for many coasting vessels. Coal from the Oviedo mines is exported
coastwise, and in 1904 the shipments from Avilés for the first time
exceeded those from Gijón, reaching a total of more than 290,000 tons.
Glass and coarse linen and woollen stuffs are manufactured; and there are
valuable stone quarries in the neighbourhood.
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