AXLE (in Mid. Eng. axel-tre, from O. Norweg.
Ųxull-tre, cognate with the O. Eng. śxe or eaxe, and
connected with Sansk. Šksha, Gr. ἄξων, and Lat. axis), the pin or
spindle on which a wheel turns. In carriages the axle-tree is the bar on
which the wheels are mounted, the axles being strictly its thinner
rounded prolongations on which they actually turn. The pins which pass
through the ends of the axles and keep the wheels from slipping off are
known as axle-pins or "linch-pins," "linch" being a corruption, due to
confusion with "link," of the Old English word for "axle," lynis,
cf. Ger. LŁnse.
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